Samurai Naginata: The Elegant and Deadly Weapon of the Japanese Warriors

Samurai Naginata, also known as the “woman’s spear,” is a traditional Japanese weapon that has been used by female samurais since the feudal era. The weapon’s long and curved blade, attached to a wooden shaft, makes it an elegant and deadly weapon in the hands of a skilled warrior.

In this article, we will delve deeper into the history, design, and technique of using the samurai naginata. So, if you’re interested in Japanese history or martial arts, read on!

The History of Samurai Naginata

The samurai naginata has existed since the 12th century and was primarily used by women in the samurai class. Women were not allowed to use swords, so they needed a weapon that was long-range, flexible, and could be used to defend themselves and their homes.

The naginata became widely popular among women because it was easy to use and could be learned quickly. Women who mastered the weapon were respected in society and even became warriors who fought alongside male samurais in battles.

During the Edo period (1603-1867), the samurai class was abolished, and the use of the naginata declined. However, the weapon was still used in traditional Japanese martial arts and is still being practiced today by martial artists worldwide.

The Design of Samurai Naginata

The samurai naginata consists of a long, curved blade (around 30 inches) attached to a wooden shaft (around 6 feet). The blade is curved to make it easier for the wielder to slice through enemies, while the length of the shaft allows for long-range attacks.

The wooden shaft is also an advantage since it doesn’t conduct heat, making it easier to handle in battle. The weapon’s design also allows for greater flexibility and mobility, making it easier to maneuver and strike from different angles.

Using Samurai Naginata

Using the samurai naginata requires a lot of practice and skill. The weapon’s length and weight require the wielder to have great strength and balance to use it efficiently.

The weapon has two main techniques: the thrust and the sweep. The thrust is used for long-range attacks and is done by thrusting the blade forward while keeping a safe distance from the enemy. The sweep is used for close-range attacks and is done by sweeping the blade in a circular motion to strike the enemy.

Stances and footwork are also essential in using the samurai naginata effectively. The most common stances are the square stance, the forward stance, and the horse stance. Footwork is crucial in maneuvering the weapon and striking from different angles.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) about Samurai Naginata

Question Answer
What is the length of samurai naginata? The naginata blade is around 30 inches, while the shaft is around 6 feet.
What is the difference between naginata and yari? The yari is a straight-bladed spear used by male samurais, while the naginata has a curved blade and is used by female samurais.
Is samurai naginata still being used today? While no longer used in battles, samurai naginata is still being practiced today in traditional Japanese martial arts.
Can men use samurai naginata? Yes, men can use samurai naginata, but it’s primarily associated with female samurais.
What is the most common grip used in naginata? The most common grip is the “hassō” grip, where the blade is positioned behind the wielder’s head.


Samurai Naginata is a fascinating weapon that has played a significant role in Japanese history and culture. While no longer used in battles, it’s still being practiced today by martial artists worldwide. The weapon’s design, history, and technique are a testament to the creativity and ingenuity of the Japanese people.

If you’re interested in learning more about Japanese history or martial arts, we hope this article has piqued your interest. Until next time, sayonara!

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